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L. I. Gómez, S. Gómez, and A. Vaisman. A Generic Data Model and Query Language for Spatiotemporal OLAP Cube Analysis. In E. Rundensteiner et al., editors, Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Extending Database Technology, EDBT 2012, pages 300-311. ACM Press, Berlin, Germany, March 2012.

Abstract

Nowadays, organizations need to use OLAP (On Line Analytical Processing) tools together with geographical information. To support this, the notion of SOLAP (Spatial OLAP) arouse, aimed at exploring spatial data in the same way as OLAP operates over tables. SOLAP however, only accounts for discrete spatial data. More sophisticated GIS-based decision support systems are increasingly being needed, to handle more complex types of data, like continuous fields. Fields describe physical phenomena that change continuously in time and/or space (e.g.,temperature). Although many models have been proposed for adding spatial information to OLAP tools, no one allows the user to perceive data as a cube, and analyze any type of spatial data, continuous or discrete, together with typical alphanumerical discrete OLAP data, using only the classic OLAP operators (e.g., Roll-up, Drill-down). In this paper we propose an algebra that operates over data cubes, independently of the underlying data types and physical data representation. That means, in our approach, the final user only sees the typical OLAP operators at the query level. At lower abstraction levels we provide discrete and continuous spatial data support as well as different ways of partitioning the space. We also describe a proof-of-concept implementation to illustrate the ideas presented in the paper. As far as we are aware of, this is the first proposal that allows analyzing discrete and continuous spatiotemporal data and OLAP cubes together, using just the traditional OLAP operations, thus providing a very general framework for spatiotemporal data analysis.


Updated: 2017-03-27