IRIDIA is a partner in the EU FP7 project COLOMBO, which focuses on the usage of swarm intelligence techniques and automatic configuration and tuning processes in traffic control.
Current traffic control systems cope with the ever increasing road traffic by determining the situation on the road network and by controlling traffic flows. Emerging cooperative techniques like vehicle-to-infrastructure communication increase the knowledge about road traffic participants and open new channels for delivering information to those. However, most cooperative systems require large penetration rates in order to assure their functionality, making the first steps towards their deployment unattractive. COLOMBO works on overcoming this hurdle by delivering a set of modern, self-organizing traffic management algorithms designed for being applicable even at low penetration rates, asserting their usability from the very first deployment days on. COLOMBO will focus on two traffic management topics: traffic surveillance and advanced traffic light control algorithms. Cost-efficiency and the reduction of vehicular emissions are the project’s key targets.